Hemlock

General
  • Sometimes irregular grain, moderately coarse texture
  • Yellowish-grey to brownish-grey heartwood
  • Yellowish-white sapwood
  • Durability low
  • Suitable for various interior joinery, supporting structures, furniture, plywood and veneer
  • Easy to work
  • Sometimes marketed together as Hem-Fir.
Origin

Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.) belongs to the Pinaceae family and comes from the west of the United States and Canada. 
hemlock

Durability

The heartwood is not very durable (natural durability class IV). The sapwood is not durable (natural durability class V).

Wood-working and drying

Western Hemlock dries easily and is easy to work. It has no resin pockets.

Finishing

Finishing Western Hemlock poses no problems. For supporting interior structures, preservation in accordance with procedure A2.1 is needed.

Applications
  • Supporting interior structures
  • Various interior joinery
  • Furniture
  • Plywood
  • Veneer
  • Saunas
Professional information

Average density*

450 kg/m³

Radial shrinkage

60 to 30% r.v.**

1,1%

 

90 to 60% r.v.**

1,0%

Tangential shrinkage

60 to 30% r.v.**

1,6%

 

90 to 60% r.v.**

1,6%

Wood-working

60 to 30% r.v.**

2,7%

 

90 to 60% r.v.**

2,6%

Modulus of elasticity

9000 N/mm²

* at a wood moisture content of 15 per cent / ** relative atmospheric humidity

 

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